Scales of Transformation - Tripolye Typo-chronology deel 12

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The Tripolye phenomenon, which displays a specific artefact complex and an extraordinary settlement layout, is also known for its so-called ‘mega sites’. Five of the largest ‘mega’ or giant settlements measure between 150-320 ha in size. These, and other big settlements, are concentrated in the Sinyukha River Basin, which is a central part of modern Ukraine. In this region, more than 100 different Tripolye sites are known. The chronology of this region is the key to understanding not only the ‘mega-site’ phenomenon, but also the dynamics of spatial development within the Tripolye phenomenon in general. The central issue of this study focusses on the reconstruction of the Tripolye chronology in the Sinyukha Basin and its surrounding areas, including the chronology of individual mega-sites, the periodization of spatial Tripolye distribution, the development of ceramic styles, the lifetime of individual sites, and Tripolye settlements in time and space. Special attention is paid to the ceramics as one of the main sources for typo-chronologies. The obtained results provide a new view on the appearance, functions and the end of Tripolye, in general, and of large sites in particular. Contents: Preface Introduction 1. Relative Chronology of Tripolye: Research History and State of the Art 1.1. Early typological models 1.2. Passek’s general periodization of Tripolye 1. 2. 1. Passek’s contribution 1. 2. 2. Tripolye ABC: Passek’s general chronological scale 1. 3. Typo-chronological alterations to Passek’s periodization 1. 3. 1. Chronology and spatial diversity: Chernysh approach 1. 4. From monolithic Tripolye to a series of local-chronological groups 1. 4. 1. Zakharuk’s framework: Ethnicity and material culture 1.4.2. Tripolye: Zakharuk’s model 1. 4. 3. Developing a method of singling out local variants 1. 4. 4. “Eastern” Tripolye 1. 4. 5. “Western” Tripolye 1. 5. Conclusions 1. 6. Research gaps and future tasks 2. Introduction to the mega-site region, research questions, sources 2.1. Research questions 2.2. Definition of the study region 2.3. Geography of the study region 2.3.1. Tectonics 2.3.2. Relief 2.3.3. Hydrology 2.3.4. Soils 2.3.5. Vegetation 2.3.6. Climate 2.4. Previous relative chronology of Tripolye sites 2.5. Sources for chronological constructions 2.5.1. Sites of the region 2.5.2. Pottery 2.5.3. Radiocarbon dates 2.6. Research methods 2.6.1. Pottery analysis 2.6.2. Modelling of 14C dates 2.6.3. Analysis of settlement patterns 3. Chronology on the local scale: the case of Talianki 3.1. General information 3.1.1. Discovery and excavations 3.1.2. Archaeo-magnetic plans 3.1.3. Topography 3.2 Research questions 3.3. Data base 3.3.1. The archaeo-magnetic plan 3.3.2. Excavations 3.4. Models of formation and development 3.5. 14C dates of Talianki 3.5.1. Testing models by sum-calibrations 3.5.2. Calculating dating probabilities of individual house areas 3.6. Talianki pottery 3.6.1. Methodological remarks 3.6.2. Testing Ryzhov’s typology 3.6.3. Ceramic typology 3.6.4. Analyses of pottery 3.7. Interpretation of 14C dates and pottery analysis 3.8. Discussion: intra-site chronology of Talianki 4. Chronology on the regional scale: sites of the Sinyukha River Basin 4.1. Key sites: selection and overview 4.2. 14C dates from the Sinyukha region 4.2.1. The selection of samples 4.2.2. The analyses of the 14C samples per site 4.2.3. Methodological remarks 4.2.4. The sequence of key sites 4.3. Regional analyses of pottery 4.3.1. The data base 4.3.2. Technology: Kitchenware versus other ware 4.3.3. Vessels’ morphology 4.3.4. Capacity 4.4. Interpretation and conclusions: Tripolye development 5. Tripolye mega and smaller sites of the Sinyukha River Basin 5.1. Commonly discussed narratives on the history of giant settlements 5.2. Mega-site definition 5.3. Duration of site lifetime 5.4. Structural changes 5.5. Tripolye sites in time and space Conclusions Afterword: view on the Tripolye site (cover description) Zusammenfassung Резюме References Appendixes

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AuteurLiudmyla Shatilo
PublisherSidestone Press Dissertations
Aantal bladzijdes370
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