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Chalk Hill

Neolithic and Bronze Age discoveries at Ramsgate, Kent 

Engels - Paperback

370 pagina's  |  Sidestone Press  |  maart 2019

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BESCHRIJVING

Excavations at Chalk Hill, Ramsgate in south-eastern Britain were primarily aimed at investigating the remains of a possible early Neolithic causewayed enclosure visible on aerial photographs. However, the monument could not in fact be categorised as a causewayed enclosure, but instead represented a type of early Neolithic ritual monument unique to the British Isles.

The earliest significant features recorded on the site dated to the early Neolithic (roughly 3700-3600 cal BC). They took the form of three concentric arcs of intercutting pit clusters forming discrete 'segments', the fills of which produced rich assemblages of pottery, flintwork, animal bone and other material. Much of this material appeared to have been deliberately placed in the pits rather than representing casual disposal of refuse. There are indications that material placed in different pits at different times may have derived from the same source, a 'midden' or some such which was not located during the excavations. The pit clusters appeared to have resulted from repeated pit-digging in the same location over an extended period of time. The site therefore contributes a more nuanced understanding of the heterogeneity of monumental architecture in the early Neolithic of the British Isles.

This report is therefore critical for understanding the early Neolithisation of southern Britain, the relations between Neolithic incomers and indigenous Mesolithic hunter-gatherers, the potential creolisation of different cultural groups and cross-Channel relations in the early 4th Millennium BC.

The site probably went out of use in around 3600 cal BC, and subsequent use of the landscape in the Bronze Age and later periods is evocative of the perception of 'special places' in the landscape long after they were abandoned.

With contributions by Enid Allison, Alex Bayliss, Robin Bendrey, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Kate Clark, Alex Gibson, Chris Green, Louise Harrison, Frances Healy, Linda Hurcombe, Rob Ixer, Jacqueline McKinley, Barbara McNee, Ruth Pelling, Nicola Powell, Louise Rayner, Paula Reimer, Johannes van der Plicht, Alasdair Whittle and Tania Wilson


Contents:


1. Introduction (Peter Clark)

2. Early Prehistoric Landscapes
Site Description (Peter Clark and Jake Weekes)
The palaeoenvironment (Chris Green)
Radiocarbon dating (Alex Bayliss, Frances Healy, Johannes van der Plicht, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Paula Reimer, Grant Shand, Jake Weekes and Alasdair Whittle)
The early prehistoric flint (Tania Wilson)
Microwear analysis of selected tools (Linda Hurcombe)
Other stone artefacts (Grant Shand)
Worked stone tools (Rob Ixer)
Neolithic and early Bronze Age pottery (Alex Gibson)
Jet belt- or pulley-ring (Nicola Powell)
Human bone (Jacqueline McKinley)
Animal bone (Robin Bendrey)
Coprolites (Enid Allison)
Shellfish (Enid Allison)
Charred plant remains (Ruth Pelling)

3. Later Prehistoric Landscapes
Site Description (Peter Clark and Jake Weekes)
Radiocarbon Dating: The late Bronze Age/early Iron Age enclosure (Alex Bayliss, Frances Healy, Johannes van der Plicht, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Paula Reimer, Grant Shand, Jake Weekes and Alasdair Whittle)
Flint from mid to late Bronze Age and early Iron Age features (Tania Wilson)
Worked stone tools (Rob Ixer)
Later prehistoric pottery (Barbara McNee)
Daub (Louise Harrison)
Registered finds (Nicola Powell)
Human bone (Jacqueline McKinley)
Animal bone (Robin Bendrey)
Shellfish (Enid Allison)
Charred plant remains (Ruth Pelling)

4. Early Historic Landscapes
Site description (Peter Clark and Jake Weekes)
Flint from Post-Iron Age features (Tania Wilson)
Post-late Bronze Age/early Iron Age pottery (Louise Rayner)
Registered finds (Nicola Powell)
Animal bone (Robin Bendrey)
Shellfish (Enid Allison)
Charred plant remains (Ruth Pelling)

5. Discussion: An Interpretation of the 'Causewayed Enclosure' (Jake Weekes)

6. Discussion: Chalk Hill in its Prehistoric and Historic context (Peter Clark)

List of references

Appendix I: Inner Arc Segment Catalogue
Appendix II: Middle Arc Segment Catalogue
Appendix III: Outer Arc Segment Catalogue
Appendix IV: Early Prehistoric Pottery Sherd Groups


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DETAILS

BewerkerPeter Clark, Grant Shand, Jake Weekes
Soort boek Paperback, 370 pagina's
Uitgever Sidestone Press , Verschijningsjaar: 2019
ISBN-13 9789088906077
ISBN-10 9088906076
Taal Engels

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